عنوان مقاله [English]
Based on proper conditions in terms of climate variability, Iran has a great potential in the production of ornamental and medicinal plants. The cultivation of these plants because of numerous features such as the possibility of refining environmental parameters, the higher productivity of production inputs, exchange intensity low (low needs to Dollar), the possibility of the production out of season, value added and job creation and importing of the currency has increased since the late 70’s solar decade. That's why the government has been done enormous investments to create the necessary infrastructure (construction of greenhouse complex and specialized export terminal and the construction of four flowers and plant terminal in the cities of Tehran, Mahalat, Dezful and Tonekabon) in order to modify the structure of the system supply and sale of the product, recently. Despite the vast diversity of climate and cultivation of medicinal species and the climatic conditions of various decorative and fits in any area in the country, a considerable part of it located in arid and semi-arid regions and in terms of the provision of allocation of water resources have limitations. Therefore, the need for proper planning in order to optimum use of limited resources of water in the country feel. In this regard, one of the most important goals in the domestic cultivation of medicinal plants and decorative is the planning of irrigation for the production of these products. Due to having multiple applications and values such as decorative, medicinal and health, Rose is one of the plants which has a special place for international trade. Iranian species of this plant is unique in the world. This plant is very resistant to environmental conditions and is well tolerated different weather conditions and water stress. Also, compared to the drought-resistant and depending on the area of culture, between 7 to 15 days once in the time of flowering and 20 to 30 days once in other periods of growth is irrigated. Increasing development of this plant in agricultural sector particularly in provinces with an arid and semi-arid climate due to the resistance of it to the water deficit conditions can be used as a strategic product in the field of supporting rural economy, job creation for youth and villager’s small industries, create specific position for Iran. The purpose of this article while reviewing the capabilities of rose as a native plant of the country for compatibility with the rising terms of dryness and drought, irrigation management, outlining this flower.